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can we use "although" without a comma?
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Although we works hard we cannot pass the exam.

I read this sentence from an English grammar book.

This message has been edited. Last edited by: Tommy,
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Location: Montreal, Canada
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"workS?"

Perhaps "work."

There's no place for a comma here, and generally after "although." You find it much more after "however."
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An adverb clause beginning with "although" requires a comma at its end when it comes at the beginning of the sentence.

The clause coming after the main clause does not require a comma.

  • Although we work hard, we can not pass the exam.

  • We can not pass the exam although we work hard.

    One note: An adverb clause at the end of the sentence should not have a comma, except -- except -- a clause of contrast, with "although" or "even though" or "though," MAY have a comma to separate it from the main clause if the speaker wants to indicate a pause.

    Rachel
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    i'm wrong ... we work...

    a next question is that, from your sentences

    Although we work hard, we can not pass the exam.
    We can not pass the exam although we work hard.

    we use can not or cannot?

    please help

    This message has been edited. Last edited by: Tommy,
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    Actually, "cannot" is the word to use.

    Rachel
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