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DocV's sentences (5) and (6) are much more natural-sounding and elegant than the four sentences you have given. Below is another sentence that could be used instead of (1) and (3). Notice that the shift from "an article by whom" to "one of whose articles" is a change to a partitive construction:
7) A journalist one of whose articles was printed by us was arrested yesterday.
I knew I was missing something with my example (6), which you clarified with your example (7). (6), as written, can be misunderstood to mean that Pete only ever wrote one article. To maintain Navi's full intended meaning (as I understand it), it should have been:
6': Pete, an article of whose we printed, was arrested yesterday.
For anybody interested, the article we printed was "the".
Your (7) is grammatically correct, of course, but I would find it more readable if you would open that tight purse of yours and pull out a couple of commas. They'll grow stale if they're not used.
Thanks, DocV. I have actually had a slight change of heart regarding the latter part of my last post (the bulk of my post), and I have taken the liberty of deleting that part of my post since your reply did not address any of it.
My considered view is that there are indeed sentences here with reduced relative clauses, but the sentences with adjectival "by"-PPs needn't be analyzed that way. It's the passive "written"-phrases that are reduced.
I find Navi's (3) and (4) to be outright ungrammatical, though not ungrammatical to the same degree as the non-reduced equivalents, where a full relative clause (an "island") would be used instead of the passive participial phrase. These are outlandishly ungrammatical:
3a)*!A journalist an article which was written by whom was printed by us was arrested yesterday.
3b)*!A journalist whom an article which was written by was printed by us was arrested yesterday.
4a)*!Pete, an article which was written by whom was printed by us, was arrested yesterday.
4b)*!Pete, whom an article which was written by was printed by us, was arrested yesterday.