Grammar Exchange
Predicate Adjective

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October 20, 2004, 10:39 PM
trixi68
Predicate Adjective
Which of the following sentences contains an italicized word that's used as a predicate adjective?

1.Jerry looks atthe map.
2.Jerry looks ill today.
3.Jerry looks intothe microscope.
4.Jerry looks disdainfully at the pile of laundry.
October 21, 2004, 04:26 AM
Chuncan Feng
A so-called predicate adjective typically functions as subject (or object) complement. Technically, a predicate adjective may mean an adjective that functions frequently or only as subject (or object) complement.

1. A SVO sentence. "Look at" is treated like a single transitive verb.

2. A SVC sentence. "Ill" is a predicate adjective.

3. A SVO sentence. "Look into" is treated like a single transitive verb.

4. A SVO sentence. "Look at" is treated like a single transitive verb.

The last, 4th sentence looks different ("Different" here is a predicate adjective") from the 1st in that "disdainfully" comes between "look" and "at". "Disdainfully" is an adverbial modifying the verb phrase "look at".

Chuncan Feng
China


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August 17, 2006, 07:54 PM
Jean McCormick
I am new ...just learning my way around...I would like to know...Is " Jerry looks ill today" used as a predicate adjective or not???

Thanks!!!
August 17, 2006, 09:39 PM
<Grammar Exchange 2>
In the sentence "Jerry looks ill today,"

..."ill" is a predicate adjective. It modifies the grammatical subject, "Jerry."

In traditional grammar terms, "ill," which follows the verb "looks," is a predicate adjective. In modern terms, "ill" is a subject complement. More specifically, it's an adjective complement.

There are three kinds of subject complement:

"”John is a computer scientist (predicate noun/noun complement)

"”The guest of honor is here (predicate adverb/adverb complement)

"”Penelope became very quiet (predicate adjective/adjective complement)

Subject complements say something about the grammatical subject, following verbs such as BE, LOOK, SEEM, and BECOME.

Marilyn
August 20, 2006, 10:45 PM
cocoricot
Thank you very much.
Very helpful to me.