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Regarding the COVID-19 Pandemic

David, Moderator
Dear Grammar Exchange members, As we continue our grammar discussions, I want you to know that I am aware that we are all struggling in various ways as a result of the current pandemic and that my heart goes out to all of you. I hope that you and your loved ones are safe and healthy. Although we may not know each other personally, we all know that there is much more to us than the English grammar issues we discuss here. This post is devoted to the dimensions of you and your lives that I know...Read More...
Thank you. On Fri, Aug 28, 2020 at 2:36 PM The Grammar Exchange < alerts@crowdstack.com > wrote:Read More...
Last Reply By Gopal Bhattarai · First Unread Post

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Got down/have gotten down

Hello, Sir! I am a little puzzled regarding the following sentence: ''I got down to the car and remembered you had your phone.'' Why doesn't the author use present perfect, given the fact that it is a finished action with a result in the present? Thank you very much!!!Read More...
Thank you @Gustavo for your answer. After having read more about past simple, I have understood the reason that the author use this tense— the actions happened consecutively in the past( got, remembered, had)Read More...
Last Reply By Schianu · First Unread Post

Omission of articles for brevity

I have seen sentences without articles in notes and signs. I'd like to know rules regarding when to omit them. Can I simply omit all of them? Here is my example. "This serial title should be re-cataloged as (a) monograph: (the) subtitle, indicating (the) publishing group's 30th anniversary, is inappropriate, given that (the) succeeding issue celebrates (the) 40th anniversary." Another question is what level of informality does the omission of articles give to those reading? Thank you very much.Read More...
This is more a follow-up than a reply. I hope to hear back soon.Read More...
Last Reply By Kina · First Unread Post

The table below or the following table

The table below shows the discrepancies in calculations of the unit holding percentage between the A Trust unit register and the A Trust's 2020 income tax return. or The following table shows the discrepancies in calculations of the unit holding percentage between the A Trust unit register and the A Trust's 2020 income tax return. Which one is correct? and whether there is any difference in meaning?Read More...
Hi, Tony, Both "the table below" and "the following table" are correct. While "below" refers to the physical location of the table, "the following" refers to a sequence of elements, where some precede and others follow. In texts like the one you are dealing with, both options can be found, but using "below" (or "above") can be more accurate, and therefore more usual.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

What is the word which means the opposite of "nest"?

Hello, I need help. Here is an easy short story written by L.A Hill published by OUP. The title of the book is “Elementary Comprehension Pieces” After the story there are some exercise. One of them is as follows. Find words in the story which mean the opposite of: ugly b hard c slowly d awake e nest. I can easily find the answers for a,b, c, d but what about e? What is the word opposite of “nest”? Is there one in the following story? I cannot find it. I thought it was an error. The writer...Read More...
Hi, Apple, No, the opposite of "next" is "last." "following" is a more suitable opposite for "previous," especially in reported speech. The adjective "last" can be found in this sentence from the text: - I took it in Italy last summer / I'll take it in Italy next summer. - He said he had taken in Italy the previous summer / He said he would take it in Italy the following summer.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Adjectives

1-Peter is the tallest person at school. 2- No one at school is taller than Peter. 3- No one at school is as tall as Peter. Do these three sentences mean the same meaning ?Read More...

Manufacturing or Manufactured

Hello Sir. I have a question about words. If I want to say it is a factory where people made steel or some kinds of material. What word I can use in this situation? I've already had two words in my mind. -Steel-manufacturing plant. -Steel-manufactured plant. Could you tell me which is correct, please. Can you suggest other word with the same meaning.Read More...
Thanks my learned Sir. This is absolutely right, but I only gave another noun, and not to form "steel- manufacture," with this.Read More...
Last Reply By IKhan · First Unread Post

Spend the vacation/class/night.

Is it correct to say: "You spent the entire class answering the short questions?" Is it correct to say things like: 1) Spend the entire class. 2) Spend your vacation. 3) Spend the night/evening. Does asking this type of question mean that I want to know whether someone enjoyed the evening/vacation and/or what activities they did?Read More...
Hi, Ashraful—I agree with Gustavo that the question "You spent the entire class answering the short questions?" is correct. It is the inversion-free version of the question "Did you spend the entire class answering the short questions?" In that sentence, "spent the entire class" means "spent the entire class period." If the class period was fifty minutes in length, then the sentence is equivalent in meaning to "You spent fifty minutes answering the short questions." Just as it does not make...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Who/Whom

Hi, One of my students wrote the following sentence in an essay earlier this week: "[…], and it affects the speaker whom speaks the language" I must admit that I struggle a bit with the use of who/whom in this context, even though I thought I knew the rules for this quite well. Would you say that this use of "whom" is correct since "the speaker" can be said to be the object in the sentence?Read More...
Hello, EngTeach, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. I completely agree with Gustavo's answer. One good way to explain this, apart from focusing on the clause within which the relative pronoun is used ("who speaks the language"), is to relate the point to personal pronouns and case. Pronouns have case, subjective or objective. Subjective-case pronouns (like he, she, we, I, they —and who ) are used in subject position, and objective-case pronouns (like him, her, us, me, them —and whom ) are...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

"Another world is possible" - really?

One of the slogans associated with the Fridays for Future movement is "We are unstoppable - another world is possible!" To me this sounds wrong: it sounds like literal translation from German. Shouldn't it be "a different world is possible"? At least for those of us who do not own real estate on Alpha Centauri this is the only world we've got. Thus, since we don't have another one we can move to we have to build a different world here on good ole Earth. Then again, the slogan "another world...Read More...
David, thanks for your fast answer. I have to admit I found the same examples in the trusted old print-version of the Shorter OED in my study. However, a quick, non-scientific survey of the native speakers among my Facebook friends (all Americans) came to the same conclusion I had started out with: 'another' used in this way sounds odd. Maybe we can say that this is a rather archaic or at least old-fashioned usage. Anyway, my students in English class today (year 11, 7th year ESL) enjoyed...Read More...
Last Reply By Tandemrider · First Unread Post

tasted or be tasting

Hi there When I ......... the food, my mouth got burnt as it was so hot. ( tasted - was tasting ) I think that PAST CONTINUOUS is the correct answer here. What do you think ?Read More...
Hi, Dr Ahmed—I see why you added the winking face now. Initially, I thought it was a typo. But then I saw the discrepancy between what you have there and Ahmed_btm's quotation of you, which had the choice "was tasted." I then checked to see whether you had edited your post after Ahmed_btm posted his response, and of course you had. In the future, if someone points out something you didn't mean to type, please correct it in a subsequent post. I agree with Ahmed_btm that the active voice is...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

As much as

I came across these sentences in which ( as much as) is used when I expect to use ( as many as) and vice versa: 1- This is half as many as trusted him six months ago. 2- We just grabbed as many as possible. ( Collins dictionary) 3- Some of these fish can weigh as much as 80 km. ( practical usage) 4- Elephants can e as much as 10 feet tall if not more.Read More...
Yes, you can use "as much as" instead of "as often as," but they are not the same. While "as much as" refers to the intensity, "as often as" describes the frequency of those actions.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

who, whom

Hello. are the following sentences correctly written with commas? 1- The man, whom I borrowed some money from, was helpful. 2- The man, who I borrowed some money from , was helpful. Thank you.Read More...
Hi, Ahmed, There should be no commas here. This is a defining clause. The man (whom / that) I borrowed some money from was helpful. The man from whom I borrowed some money was helpful.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

Had It Burst

ahmad
Hello, everyone, My cousin had an internal cyst that burst yesterday. My cousin who had an internal cyst had it burst yesterday. My cousin with an internal cyst had it burst yesterday. Are the above sentences acceptable? Thanks.Read More...
Thanks a lot, sirs.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmad · First Unread Post

Where and Whereby

Can the above words be used interchangeably? e.g. The table below summarises all the credit entries with an explanation in the case whereby the credit amounts have been adjusted. Thanks!Read More...
Yes, that sentence is possible and means: - The table below summarizes all the credit entries with an explanation in those cases where the credit amounts have been adjusted. (which I find clearer)Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

I found some burdock seeds stuck to my sweater.

What type of sentence is this? I found some burdock seeds stuck to my sweater when I returned from the mountains. Is it #1 S (I) V (found) O (some burdock seeds) C (stuck to my sweater) ? or #2 S (I) V (found) O ([that] some burdock seeds stuck to my sweater) ?Read More...
Hello, mmaassuu, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. The example sentence that you have given follows neither of those patterns. The "stuck to" phrase is a reduced relative clause modifying the direct object: I found some burdock seeds (that were) stuck to my sweater . . .Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

request/ask/ask for/ask about

Hi there, what's difference between "Ask", "ask for", "ask about" and "request" in the following sentences? 1- Hey John, I am not sure but I think we are somewhere in the middle of our destination . Let's stop and request/ask/ask for/ask about directions. 2- I ask Peter about/for his age. 3- I request Peter his age.Read More...
Hi, Subhajit—Sentence (3) is totally ungrammatical, (1) is natural only with "ask for" ("ask about directions" doesn't work), and (2) would be better without "about" or "for." You can simply say: 2a-I ask(ed) Peter his age. That sentence has the double-object construction, which you tried to use, unsuccessfully, in (3). The double-object construction works with "ask" but not with "request." Another natural way of phrasing things here is to use: 4-I asked Peter how old he was.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

He has submitted report , He is submitted report, He submitted report

Sir, pls let me know how to differentiate these words in sentence form He has submitted report , He is submitted report, He submitted reportRead More...
Hello, joshitha, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. I'm not sure what you mean by "differentiating these words in sentence form." You don't know how to parse them? Anyway, none of the sentences is correct. Being a singular count noun, "report" needs an article ( a or the ). Also, the second sentence is ungrammatical. In the passive, you should say: - A / The report is submitted to him. If you clarify what you need, we might be able to help you further.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

I said, "Don't attack me please." or I said, "don't attack me please." ?

is "Don't" capitalized in this case? I don't think so but want to be sure. Grammarly is saying both are correct. Thank you.Read More...
Hello. Robbie Rob, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. Since "don't attack me, please" is a complete sentence, when quoted in direct speech it should start with a capital letter, as all sentences do. Therefore, you should write: I said, "Don't attack me, please."Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

"eachother" vs "each other"

No major dictionary that I'm aware of lists "eachother" as a word, but I don't understand why. It's a common construction, means something different than "each other", and in common speech it generally gets pronounced differently than "each other" as well, with the two words blurring into eachother. "They looked at each other block." "They looked at each other." "They looked at eachother." To my eye, the first and third make syntactic sense, while the second looks like a sentence fragment.Read More...
I enjoy this conversation. Because I use it so much as one that my iPhone autosuggests eachOther now. The reason, that I enjoy one word usage and make it clear that I meant it, is because it feels like a unifying expression. When I write eachOther I am illustrating a feeling/dynamic of recognition of another and connection. “They have loved eachOther for decades...” to me, that is an expression of reciprocity and I find myself resisting the separation of words. Its something I ponder often.Read More...
Last Reply By !words2121heal! · First Unread Post

scope of negation

1) He didn't like all of the guests. 2) He didn't like all the guests. 3) He couldn't stand all the guests. 4) He couldn't stand all of the guests. Could these sentences ever be used instead of: 1a) He didn't like any of the guests. 2a) He didn't like any of the guests. 3a) He couldn't stand any of the guests. 4a) He couldn't stand any of the guests. respectively? I think that could only happen in informal spoken English with a particular emphasis. Generally, the meaning would be 'some but...Read More...
Hello, Navi—I agree with you. With special emphasis (on "all of the guests"), the meaning could shift from "some but not all" to "not any." I agree with you on that count, too, but I think the "all of them together" possibility holds for both the "didn't like" and the "couldn't stand" sentences. Navi, you may be interested in this similar thread , started by Azz. Coincidentally, you and Azz happen to be testing the same hypothesis at the same time.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

all of the pets

a. Tom couldn't stand all of the pets his housemate had, so he moved. b. Tom couldn't stand all of the pets, so he moved. c. Tom couldn't stand all the pets, so he moved. Could these be used if Tom could stand all of the pets individually, but it was the fact that all of them were together that was unbearable for him? He liked each pet individually, but it was the combination that got on his nerves! Many thanks.Read More...
Hi, Azz—Yes, the sentences could definitely be used in that case. Compare: Tom couldn't stand all the cars on the street. It seemed there was never anywhere for him to park. He often had to park on neighboring streets. Ultimately, he decided to move to a less crowded part of town.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

pedestrians are hard to see

Hello, 1. It is hard for the drivers of the cars behind the bus and vehicles coming in the opposite direction to see (the) pedestrians in the crosswalk. 2. Pedestrians in the crosswalk are hard to see for the cars behind the bus and vehicles coming in the opposite direction. Does sentence 2 grammatically work? I don't think so. Can you say "pedestrians are hard to see?" when the drivers see them? Can "cars" see them? Is there a better sentence ? Thank you. AppleRead More...
Thank you so very much for your replies, David and Gustavo. AppleRead More...
Last Reply By apple · First Unread Post

It only adds to.

I looked up 'adds to something' and the meaning was 'To make something such as a feeling or a quality greater or more extreme.' I know that sometimes things we find in dictionaries aren't very natural ways of expressing ourselves. Do we say 'add to something' in conversational informal English? Or is it better in written/formal situations? Example sentences: 1) The explosion only added to the confusion. 2) The accident added my experience. I won't make the same mistake again.Read More...
Thank you very much. And sentence 2 was actually a typo I wanted to write "The accident added to my experience." I should've been more careful.Read More...
Last Reply By Ashraful Haque · First Unread Post

significant, powerful

Hello. Which one is suitable? what is the difference? Thank you.Read More...
Hi, Ahmed, "influential" means "capable of exercising influence/having the power to influence," so "powerful" works better than "significant," which usually collocates with more abstract nouns (e.g. significant influence , significant power, significant leadership ). Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English, 2nd edition leader noun 1 person who is in charge of sth adjective influential , key , powerful , prominent , strong , top © Oxford University Press, 2009Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post
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