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Years of experience or year-experience?

Hi admin. If I want to say a worker who already has experience in a field for 5 years. Which noun phrase I could use here? - A worker with five years of experience. - A worker having five years' experience. - A 5-year-experience worker. Thank you very much.Read More...

Do you find them correct?

I think they must be correct. Do you agree? 1 Which one of these three schools ' headmaster are you? One modifies schools . 2 Which one of these three schools' headmasters is you? (A person is looking at a picture with headmasters and knows that I am one of them but wants to know which one of them is me)Read More...

unlike what is going on here

1) They don't suppress free speech, unlike what is going on in our country. 2) They don't suppress free speech, like what is going on in our country. 3) They don't suppress free speech unlike what is going on in our country. 4) They don't suppress free speech like what is going on in our country. Which are grammatical, and correctly punctuated and logical? I heard something like '4' in a video I received. I can't post it. I don't like any of them, personally. I think they are all...Read More...

Last week it snowed

Are both correct? Last week it snowed for the first time in the last 10 years. Last week it has snowed for the first time in the last 10 years.Read More...
Thank you! It's good to know. But this one is correct... right? Last week was the first time it has snowed heavily in the last 10 years.Read More...
Last Reply By Me_IV · First Unread Post

regret+doing

Can "regret doing' refer to the present? I regret not being genius. Possible? Or should it be "I regret that I am not genius"?Read More...
Hi, Me_IV, Neither sentence is correct. You mean "a genius" (where "genius" is a noun). (1) I regret not being a genius. (2) I regret that I am not a genius. The structure used by (1) refers to the past (compare: "I regret not being a Boy Scout when I was a kid"), whereas the structure used in (2) refers to the present. If you mean what (1) means, (1) is correct. If you mean what (2) means, (2) is.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Five-decades-long OR Five-long-decades?

I came across this sentence: In January 2013, President Raul Castro ended a five-decades-long policy on limiting international travel for Cuban citizens. Is that sentence grammatically correct?Read More...
Hi, EKW, and welcome to the G.E, No, it isn't. It should be 'decade' in the singular form, ( not decades) . It is a compound adjective here. David and Gustavo have asserted this point already. See here: https://thegrammarexchange.inf...1#595653434403800051Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

did - had

Hello. Which one is correct? - Now fewer children and mothers have health problems than they (had - did) 100 years ago. Thank youRead More...
Hi, David, Yes, I completely agree with you. In fact, this sentence is found in Sec 1 and it uses 'did'. I first read it as you did, then I thought that the writer uses 'they' to refer to 'children and mothers'. It is illogical to say that 'they' refers to 'fewer children and mothers' as the sentence will be meaningless then.Read More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

subjunctive mood

But that it rained a lot, we would not had worried so much. If it had not rained a lot, we would not had worried so much. Had it not rained a lot, we would not had worried so much. Are the sentences above grammatically correct?Read More...
Hi, Sarah Zhou—No, those sentences are not grammatically correct. Each one of them is ungrammatical. Modals are always followed by the base form of a verb. "Had" is the past tense of the verb "have." The base form of "have" is "have." Thus, while " would have . . . " is grammatical, " would had . . . " is not. If you changed "had" to "have," the second and third examples would be correct and equivalent. The first example, however, would remain ungrammatical. Although you can say " If it had...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

present perfect with stative verbs & without durational phrase

Hi, I am confused about the meaning associated with the present perfect with stative verbs like "live" and "be" when they are not used with durational phrases. For example, (1) Mike has lived in Paris. (2) Mike has been in Paris. I know when you say "Mike has lived in Paris for two years," it means the same as "Mike has been living in Paris for two years. (he still lives in Paris)". The same is also true with "Mike has been in Paris for two days." What I am not sure is about sentences like...Read More...
Hi, Shmom—Present-perfect sentences with stative verbs can be interpreted in two different ways with or without a phrase specifying duration. "Mike has lived in / been in Paris for two years" can mean either (a) that the two-year period has extended up till the time of speech, in which case Mike is likely still (living) in Paris, or (b) that Mike has, sometime in the past, perhaps even decades ago, lived in or been in Paris for a two-year stretch of time. When we take out the phrase of...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Adjectives Modifying Nouns.

Dear Grammar Exchange, This is my first post as a member. Thank you for the opportunity of posting on this forum. I believe that transparency is key here. I am in the process of developing a name for a fictional ship. The name I have settled upon is Ardent Discovery. However, the development of this name has had me thinking about the relationship between the two words (the adjective modifying the noun) and I’ve come to a point where I can't see the wood for the trees, so to speak. Please...Read More...
That is very informative and very much appreciated. Thank you, kindly!Read More...
Last Reply By Jace777 · First Unread Post

He's a rare bird, is Nick.

Hi all GE members and moderators, Can you please explain the grammar used in the sentence "He's a rare bird, is Nick"? I don't understand why "is Nick" is used in this way. Many thanks.Read More...

You may/might get into even worse trouble when...

1) You can get into even worse trouble when you're not careful. 2) You could get into even worse trouble when you're not careful. 3) You may get into even worse trouble when you're not careful. 4) You might get into even worse trouble when you're not careful. 5) You will get into even worse trouble when you're not careful. Does the "when-clause" in each sentence refer to the future (as in "when you're not careful in the future ")? Or Is each of sentences (1-5) a generic statement (timeless),...Read More...

Present perfect

I've read this sentence in King Lear: ( Since I've arrived here, I've heard some strange news) I know that we can use the present perfect directly after since if the verb is still going on or still has an effect but this does not go with ( arrive), so my question why is the present perfect with arrive in the above sentence? Thanks in advance.Read More...
No, it isn't right. It's unfortunate that the issue distorts Shakespeare's grammar. The past tense is needed in the "since"-clause, since the hearing of strange news did not extend throughout the period.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Help!

I was asked to proof a personal statement for a family member recently. They used the sentence "There are many reasons that encouraged my journey back into education". I suggested they rephrase, because the use or reasons and encouraged seemed odd to me. I wasn't really able to explain if it was truly poor grammar or which, if any, rules it might contravene. Can anyone help out?Read More...
Hello, Tonga, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange. When you start a discussion thread here, please do not title it with the order "Help!" Choose a title that is descriptive of the grammatical topic of the thread. Here you could have used a title like "reasons that encouraged." The Grammar Exchange is not an editing service, but we can help you with this sentence. I agree with you that the use of "reasons" and "encouraged" is awkward. The sentence could be rephrased in many ways, but the...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Neither .. nor

Can I say, (a) He has neither studied for her maths exam nor science exam. (b) He has studied for neither her maths nor science exam. (c) He has studied neither for her maths nor science exam. Thanks.Read More...
No, bear_bear, you can't say any of those things. First, "he" doesn't go with "her." The possessive related to "he," as you know, is "his." Second, there needs to be grammatical parallelism when you use "neither . . . nor . . . ." Each term should introduce a phrase of the same type. Third, as a speaker of American English, I never use "maths." I recognize that British speakers are OK with "maths," but I can't stand the word. I use "math." He has studied neither for his math exam nor for his...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

The term "relative clause"

Hi, I'd like to know if we can apply " relative clause" to the bold part of this sentence. - This is the knife with which to cut watermelons. Is there something like " infinitive relative clause" ?Read More...
Hi, Robby zhu—Yes, you can apply the term "relative clause" to that phrase. It is a type of nonfinite relative clause ("nonfinite" because it does not have a tensed verb). In generative grammar, they are called "infinitival relatives."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

The latter or The figure for the latter.

Hi Admin! In my essay, there is a sentence: "The percentages of people consuming meat and fish were 10% and 20% respectively. However, the former increased slightly while the latter declined." - I would ask about whether or not the word "the former" or "the latter" includes the meaning of "the percentage of people consuming meat". Or I have to write :" However, the figure for the former increased while the figure for the latter declined". Thank you for your consideration.Read More...
I'm sorry for not being clear. I mean "subsequent measurement was taken wherein the 10% grew to a larger percentage and the 20% deceased to a lower percentage". This is what i meant to say.Read More...
Last Reply By Moon Le · First Unread Post

held

Hi guys, Why has it been written held not holds? "I am writing to inform you that I will be unable to attend the English class, held daily from 9 AM to 10:30 AM due to unforeseen circumstances."Read More...
Hi, Jack, 'The English class, held' is just a reduced form of 'the English class, which is held '. This is a reduced relative clause in the passive voice. You have asked a similar question here: https://thegrammarexchange.inf....cc/topic/to-be-heldRead More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

give rise to and lead

1. Provide the name, the registration number and the address of the trust that distributed the amount of $1M leading to the deduction. 2. Provide the name, the registration number and the address of the trust that distributed the amount of $1M giving rise to the deduction. What are the differences in meaning?Read More...
Hi, Tony—"Lead to" means to result in and "give rise to" means to cause.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Shows and Showing

1. The ABC trust register shows the issue of 100 units to you. 2. The ABC trust register showing the issue of 100 units to you. What are the differences of the above two sentences? I saw my colleague wrote the second one, is it correct?Read More...
I wasn't just talking about "the ABC trust register showing." I was talking about the entirety of (2), every single word. It's one big noun phrase. It is not a sentence. In (2), "showing" could be replaced by " which shows."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Experience - a countable noun?

Hi all, my company has a new Vision Statement which ends with "...by delivering exceptional customer experience". This sounds wrong to me and I think it should be 'experiences' or 'an exceptional experience' because 'experience' in this context is a countable noun. Am I right?Read More...
Hi, Aimee—Yes, you are right. I find myself unable to hear "experience" as a noncount noun in the context of that phrase. "Experience" in a noncount sense is not something that can be delivered. Perhaps it would work with "creating"; however, I like your solution of making "experience" countable by using "an."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Will vs would

What is the difference between the two sentences, 'will you pass the pencil, please?' and 'would you pass the pencil, please?'Read More...
I agree with Ahmed_btm that "would" sounds more polite than "will" in such requests. Another modal that I and many others use in such requests is "could": "Could you pass the pencil, please?"Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Is "knell" onomatopoeia?

The sound of a funeral bell is called "knelling". The origin of the word is from Old English "cnyll" and "knal" and "knallen" in West Germanic and Dutch, which means to pop, crack or bang. Would you say that "knell" is onomatopoeia? (I Googled it and received mixed results.) This question is in relation with Seamus Heany's poem "Mid Term Break" where the word "knelling" appears. Thank you! I really need an expert's advice or any teacher's honest opinion. knell /nɛl/ Origin Old English cnyll...Read More...

ache - achy

Hello. Which one is OK in the following sentence? Why? - My feet are .......... from standing for a long time. (aching - achy) Thank you.Read More...
Hi, Ahmed, Mostly, I'd use 'sore' , but it isn't found here, so I'd go with ' aching '. 'Achy' is informal . See: https://www.oxfordlearnersdict.../english/achy?q=achyRead More...
Last Reply By ahmed_btm · First Unread Post

looked at them

a. He looked at them to help him. b. He looked to them to help him. c. He looked at them for help. d. He looked to them for help. Which of the above sentences are grammatically correct? Which are natural? Many thanks.Read More...
I feel that it depends on the context. If he's looking for help immediately (because he has fallen down a hole, for example) I'd use C. If it is something more long-term (such as if he has a health problem) I would use D.Read More...
Last Reply By Aimee · First Unread Post

good-bye bye see you

Hello, It's not something about grammar but I need your comment. Suppose you are a schoolteacher in the US and after the class , what do you say to the class? Do you say "Good-bye"? It sounds like you are leaving for good. Wouldn't you rather say "See you" or "Bye"? AppleRead More...
Thank you, David. AppleRead More...
Last Reply By apple · First Unread Post

'He who'

'He who is indeed of the Brotherhood does not voyage in quest of the picturesque, but of certain jolly humours' Is there a special meaning for 'He who' or is it just a pronoun followed by a relative pronoun? Why is it that the expression sounds dated?Read More...
Hi, May123—"He who" is just a pronoun followed by a relative pronoun. "He that" can be used as an alternative. The meaning is generic in either case. You can substitute "someone who" or "someone that." The phrasing is rather old-fashioned. I suspect it sounds dated to you because it is generally found in biblical or proverbial contexts, and because some people nowadays might find the use of "he" instead of "someone" sexist.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Parts of speech ('Cut the slices thin')

In the phrase, 'cut the slices thin', is thin an adverb or a complement or both?Read More...
Hi, May123—"Complement" is not a part of speech. I think you meant to ask whether "thin" is an adjective or an adverb in "cut the slices thin." It can really be analyzed as either. I analyze "cut the slices thin" as a resultative construction: cut the slices so that you have thin slices after you've cut them. In that case, "thin" is an adjective functioning adverbially. Treated as equivalent to "thinly," "thin" is a flat adverb .Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Strongly vs personally

Hello, I was recently helping a someone with their English and the following sentence was used: I strongly don't like pizza. To my ear this didn't sound natural. I suggested saying: I personally don't like pizza. = sounds better to me. My question is why ,out of the two adverbs, does personally sound better and strongly sound awkward? Thank you as always.Read More...
Thank you. That is a fantastic answer. This forum is the best.Read More...
Last Reply By Mrchuffie · First Unread Post

Can someone help explain :)

So my partner is a second-language English speaker (first language Ukrainian), but has a degree in English - I, on the other hand, am a first-language English speaker and second language Javascript (and I think I fell asleep in English O level 35 years ago - well I feel like it now). She has written this: “Speak up” - the initiative created by Khrystyna Shabat, as a part of political campaign for 2020 Ukrainian local elections soon has transformed into a major social project. Khrystyna is a...Read More...
Just did - and unlike me she understood that straight away I wish when I lecture on cybersecurity my audience had the same common understanding of the rule sets!Read More...
Last Reply By PhilM · First Unread Post

.....when verb....

May I know what are the differences among these three usages of "compare" ? 1. ....when comparing.... 2. ....when compared..... 3. ....when compares....Read More...
Hi, Joshua, "When compares..." is ungrammatical. "When comparing..." is usually followed by a plural object: - When comparing 2020 and 2019 , 2020 has been a difficult year. "When compared..." is usually followed by "with": - When compared with 2019 , 2020 has been a difficult year.Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

The cinema or a cinema

Do I say the cinema or a cinema? e.g. I went to the cinema to watch the throne movie with my dad. or I went to a cinema to watch the throne movie with my dad.Read More...
Hi, Cristi—In the United States, it's more natural to speak of going to a movie theater: " I went to a movie theater to watch Throne with my dad ." If a particular movie theater is given in the context, you would use "the."Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

to be held

"I am writing to inform you of the meeting to be held on the 14th of January." Did they write a correct form of passive tense? Why was written "to be held" rather than "will be held"? Thanks for your time and attention.Read More...
Hi, David, I appreciate your time and consideration. Yes. It has clarified the matter.Read More...
Last Reply By Jack O'Neil · First Unread Post

back to the schedule

Imagine that a boss and his employees were working for sometime not adhering to any schedule. They had to work for 4 hours during the day time either consecutive or not. But then things changes and the boss said: Starting from Monday we get back to the schedule ! (They had had a schedule before) Is it OK to say "we get back to the schedule"?Read More...
Hi, Me_IV—That's close. You need "Starting on Monday" ("on," not "from"). I would much more naturally use "go back" rather than "get back" in that context, though "get back" is OK. I would also use "the normal schedule": Starting on Monday, we go / will go / are going back to the normal schedule.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

Closed adjective, open adjective

Closed is adjective But why do people normally say: I am close to finalising my project instead of saying I am closed to finalising my project. ThanksRead More...
"closed" is a participle in perfect tenses and in the passive voice: - They've closed the store. - The store has been closed . (Here, "closed" refers to the action of closing.) "closed" is an adjective with copulative verbs: - The store remained closed for a month. (Here, "closed" refers to the state of being closed.)Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

"all-staff trainings" or "all staff trainings"

"I, moreover, trained my coworkers in this skill by assisting with all-staff trainings." Did I use the hyphen correctly? I want to say that I assisted with trainings that all of the staff attended. So, I did not assist with all training of the staff, but merely with all-staff trainings. I'm not sure if I'm following the rule, "If each of the words can modify the noun without the aid of the other modifying word or words, do not use a hyphen," properly. I could say, "...assisting with all...Read More...
Thanks Dave. In the future, I will assist other people on this forum with their questions as well. I'm just under the gun right now applying to grad school for technical communication. I don't want you to think that I won't contribute around here.Read More...
Last Reply By GreenThunderBolt · First Unread Post

either

Hello. Which one is correct? Please explaine the difference between the choices. - There was a lot of post today but.........you. a) it's nothing for either of b) it's nothing for either c) there's nothing for either d) there's nothing for either of Thank you.Read More...
Hello, Ahmed Imam Attia—I agree with Ahmed_btm about the answer, and he has correctly indicated that you cannot reduce "either one of you" or "either of you" to " either you ," which is ungrammatical as a reduction. However, this is not to say that "either you" is always impossible. It is possible in a totally different type of usage, namely, where "either" functions as the first element of a correlative conjunction. For example: Either you did it or he did. Nothing came for either you or...Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post

either

Hello. What's wrong with the following sentence? - She has met either of the two couples. Thank you.Read More...
Hi, Ahmed, The sentence above makes no sense. You can say: - She has met one of the two couples. - She has met neither of the two couples. - She has not met either of the two couples. "either" is equivalent to "any" but refers only to two, while "any" refers to more than two. We also cannot say: * She has met any of the three couples. (incorrect) We can say: - She has met one of the three couples. - She has met none of the three couples. - She has not met any of the three couples. The...Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

Comparison

Choose Which one of the three girls cooks ( better - the best)? I tend to choose ( better) as it implies the meaning ( better than the other two ), what is your opinion?Read More...
Hi, Ahmed, I agree with you that the use of the comparative and the superlative is not so strict when dealing with adverbs, so I agree with you that Which one of the three girls cooks better? can be equivalent to Which one of the three girls is the best cook ?Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

I have a question

1) I have an idea. Let's go to the cinema. 2) Excuse me, sir. I have a question. Do they respectively mean I'm in possession of an idea and a question? Is the following sentence correct? I have an idea to give you . Let's go to the cinema.Read More...
Hi, Language learner, Short answer: yes. Possessions need not be physical or material, for example: I have a great sense of humor. I don't think that sounds idiomatic. You can say: I have an idea for you. (The meaning is not that you want to share a plan with the other person, but that you are proposing or suggesting a course of action to him/her.)Read More...
Last Reply By Gustavo, Contributor · First Unread Post

unchanged from

1) No person will be unchanged from living through this present hardship. Ivanka Trump says that in some sort of address. Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z4ebSsN19tg From 1:00 to 1:07 approximately. 2) He was changed from living through that experience. 3) He changed from living through that experience. Are '1', '2' and '3' grammatical? Are they idiomatic? Gratefully, NaviRead More...
Hello, Navi—I think all three examples would strongly benefit from changing "from" to "after," though that change is perhaps grammatically imperative only in (3), which I think makes no sense at all. Here's another way of revising (1): (1a) No person will survive this present hardship unchanged.Read More...
Last Reply By David, Moderator · First Unread Post
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