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Reply to "be made "ing""

Hi, Deepcosmos,

In the pattern "be made + V-ing" as in "The movie was made using a lot of special effects," the participial phrase is to be understood as an adverbial of manner (How was the movie made?):

4) The movie was made by using a lot of special effects.

If you want to use only a preposition, you can use "with":

5) The movie was made with  a lot of special effects.

Hi, Gustavo, appreciate your comment.

About your 4) The movie was made by using a lot of special effects. can I paraphrase it into, "(By) using a lot of special effects, the movie was made."? Then can we say, the verb 'using' in the free adjunct denotes an action to bring about a result described in the main clause like an adverbial clause(a participle clause)?

And the 'by' in this pattern is allowed to be left out freely in any context?

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