Hello, Reenie, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange!quote:Is there a definitive, or close to a definitive, decision about whether or not determiners are a subcategory of adjectives?
I'm sorry it's taken me a while to respond to your question here. I saw it shortly after you posted it and hoped that someone else would reply, as I have had an extremely busy week and didn't have time for a debate.
If you want to talk about certain pronouns, you need to specify which ones you have in mind. We can't read your mind when you say "some pronouns." I shall assume, however, that by "articles" you mean "the," "a," and "an."quote:I was taught that articles are adjectives and that some pronouns FUNCTION as adjectives. But now I read that articles and some pronouns, as well as some quantifies, are all determiners, but NOT adjectives!
Historically, there have been grammarians who have referred to articles ("the," "a," and "an,") as "limiting adjectives." I am not aware of any grammarians who have taken that position since the dawn of modern linguistics.
Here's why I would never call an article, or any other type of determiner, an adjective:
- 1. An determiner is not optional before a count noun.
(a) He bounced a ball.
(b) He bounced the ball.
2. Adjectives, like all modifiers, are always optional.
(d) He bounced a red ball.
(e) He bounced a ball.
(f) He bounced the red ball.
(g) He bounced the ball.
3. Articles and other determiners can't be predicated of nouns; adjectives can.
(h) The ball is red.
4. Articles can be followed by adjectives; they cannot be followed by other determiners.
(l) The ball is red.
(m) His ball is red.
5) Adjectives can be intensified by intensifiers; determiners and other determiners can't.
(p) The very red ball is mine.
(r) My very red ball is big.