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Reply to "function of ‘diminishing’"

For the present participial clause to refer to a noun, there needs to be a noun before it and there will generally be no comma, which means that reduced adjectival clauses tend to be restrictive or defining (see example below). Otherwise, it will refer to the whole sentence.

- Automation’s focus on enhancing speed and efficiency often has the effect of removing complexity from jobs otherwise presenting greater challenges and promoting higher engagement.

Hi, Deepcosmos and Gustavo—What an interesting participial construction! I myself understand the implied subject of "diminishing" to be the nominal -ing phrase "removing complexity from jobs." Consider the following paraphrases:

  • Removing complexity from jobs diminishes the challenge they present and hence the engagement they promote.

  • [Automation's focus on enhancing speed and efficiency often has the effect of] removing complexity from jobs, which diminishes the challenge they present and hence the engagement they promote.

Hello, David and Gustavo,

What a wonderful pleasure in my life to be a member in this forum and continue to find invaluable treasure full of explanations from such excellent experts !

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