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Reply to "That or Which?"

@gilbert posted:

Kindly tell me whether I can use which in place of that, in the sentences below.  If the answer is No, please explain why. I know that it has something to do with defining and non-defining clauses. Unfortunately, I'm unable to identify them in the sentences below.

Although I love taking my bike out on long rides, there are cycling trails that I tend to avoid. Those are the ones that lack lush green surroundings.

Thank you very much for your help.

Hi, Gilbert—Yes, you can use "which" instead of "that" in each case. The relative pronoun "which" can be used in restrictive and nonrestrictive relative clauses (those who believe it can't or shouldn't be used in restrictive relative clauses are grossly mistaken—it has been thus used by educated native speakers since practically the dawn of English), whereas "that" does not work in nonrestrictive relative clauses: it is not advisable to precede a "that"-relative with a comma.

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