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Reply to "Who/Whom"

Hello, EngTeach, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange.

@EngTeach posted:

One of my students wrote the following sentence in an essay earlier this week:

"[…], and it affects the speaker whom speaks the language"

The use of "whom" is incorrect there. The object of "affects" is "the speaker ...," but inside the relative clause you need a pronoun in subject, not object, position:

- ... and it affects the speaker who speaks the language (the speaker speaks the language).

"whom" can be used only if it functions as an object inside the clause:

- ... and it affects the speaker whom you speak to (you speak to the speaker).

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