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Reply to "withholding vital information "from""

@deepcosmos posted:

Today I fortunately found an interesting reference which reads, "The prepositions suggest a distinction: 'beyond' means 'not within';'from' means 'not to'; 'in' 'not out'. The emphasis thus serves to dismiss an alternative understanding ... https://www.jstor.org/stable/3299887?seq=1



Hi, deepcosmos—Your reference leads me to an article having to do with songs. Would you like me to try to find something pertaining to grammar in it?

@deepcosmos posted:


1. Considering this reference, am I ok to rephrase the original sentence into “She was accused of withholding vital information 'not to the police.”, which means, "she has information that she did not give to the police that was vital to the police investigation." as in above BE's post?



"She withheld something from them" means that she didn't give it to them. She kept it from them. It doesn't mean she kept them from doing something. Don't confuse yourself by trying to relate it to the "from V-ing construction," which, as I have already explained, has nothing to do with "withhold NP from NP."

@deepcosmos posted:


2. Could I rephrase "They are prohibited from revealing details about the candidates." into "They are prohibited not to revealing details about the candidates.",

No, that rephrasing is incorrect, ungrammatical, and nonsensical.

@deepcosmos posted:

However, I'm afraid this rephrasing may be against your comment this morning. Thus, I will really appreciate that I could have another chance to hear your kind explanation on this problem once again.

You seem to have failed to grasp the meaning of the construction.

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