Active and passive form

Cocoricot,

Both (1) and (2) are correct.

This reminds me of a conversation I had with David years ago wherein he asked me what I found to be a very amusing question that had come up in a discussion of syntax that he had had with some people I didn't know.  The question as he presented it to me was whether I found the sentence

3: The turkey is ready to eat.

ambiguous.  I answered that, yes, it could either mean

3a: The turkey is hungry.

or

3b: The turkey is fully cooked.

If (3b) is the intended meaning, (3) can be rephrased as

3b': The turkey is ready to be eaten.

I find the relationship between my examples (3) and (3b') to be parallel to the relationship between your (1) and (2).

DocV

3: The turkey is ready to eat.

[...]

3b': The turkey is ready to be eaten.

That's a very nice pair of sentences, which is indeed comparable to Coco's. The only slight difference I find with Coco's is that in (1) "repair" does not sound like an active (intransitive) verb as does "eat" if (3) is interpreted as (3a).

Let's imagine "it" is a robot in Coco's sentences. For (1) to be interpreted analogously to (3a), my feeling is that an object will be required for the meaning to be active, because "repair" is mainly a transitive verb. Otherwise, (1) will tend to be interpreted as (2) (passive meaning):

4. The robot was too badly damaged to repair anything/to repair the spaceship.

5. The robot was too badly damaged to be repaired.

Thank you very much, DocV and Gustavo.

 According to your  explanations, in order to be safe in examinations, it' s better for me to use the passive form in my case:

''It is too badly damaged to be repaired.'' 

Thank you again for always here helping us.

 

Actually, Cocoricot, in light of Gustavo's excellent point that "repair" is almost exclusively used transitively, I find your (1) more natural than your (2).  A robot might very well show up at a job shop and announce "I'm ready to repair!", but a technician would be much less likely to do so.

DocV

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