adj vs adv

I agree with Ahmed that "positively" is the correct answer. Since "dangerous" is an adjective, it needs to be modified by an adverb. "positively" in that sentence is equivalent to indeed, definitely, undoubtedly, all of which are adverbs. Even "effectively" (meaning "in effect") could have been used, but not the adjective "effective."

I agree with both Ahmed and Gustavo and would like to add a comment about usage. When "positively" is used in this way, it generally signifies a relationship with a previous assertion. The relationship is that of amplification. Thus, while the sentence in question is strange with "positively," given the absence of context, it would be natural in a context like this:

  • Eating too many sweets is bad for anyone, but, for people with diabetes, it is positively dangerous.

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