James, hiding under the bed, was completely silent.

 

Is "hiding under the bed" adjectival? Some say it is adverbial. (Source: Complete English Grammar Course by Peter Herring. Entry: participle)

Original Post
Freeguy posted:

James, hiding under the bed, was completely silent.

Is "hiding under the bed" adjectival? Some say it is adverbial. (Source: Complete English Grammar Course by Peter Herring. Entry: participle)

Hi, Freeguy,

Yes, "hiding under the bed" may be analyzed either way in that sentence. According to the adjectival interpretation, the sentence is short for this:

  • James, who was hiding under the bed, was completely silent.

According to the adverbial interpretation, "hiding under the bed" is a participial phrase that specifies why James was completely silent. Compare:

  • James, hiding under the bed, felt claustrophobic.

I personally find the adjectival interpretation more natural in your example.

Last edited by David, Moderator

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