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Hi, G.M,

@Grammar Man posted:

Dear Sir

"Last year, Abu Dhabi approved the rapid DPI test to screen for Covid-19 at its borders, with results being generated within five minutes."

In the above sentence what is the meaning of "BEING" and why did it use here?

'Being' is used here because there is a passive structure following the preposition 'with' to modify the noun 'results'.

Last edited by ahmed_btm
@Grammar Man posted:

"Last year, Abu Dhabi approved the rapid DPI test to screen for Covid-19 at its borders, with results being generated within five minutes."

In the above sentence what is the meaning of "BEING" and why did it use here?

Hi, Grammar Man,

We use "being" there because "with results being generated within five minutes" is what we know as an absolute clause. In absolute clauses, with or without "with," the verb is always in "-ing" form.

The sentence above is a variant of:

- Last year, Abu Dhabi approved the rapid DPI test to screen for Covid-19 at its borders, the results of which are generated within five minutes.

Let's see another example. Here we can read this sentence:

- The impacts of climate change exacerbate the situation, with its effects being felt everywhere and having real consequences on people's lives.

The sentence above is another version of:

- The impacts of climate change exacerbate the situation, the effects of which are felt everywhere and have real consequences on people's lives.

Hi, Gustavo,

Hi, Grammar Man,

We use "being" there because "with results being generated within five minutes" is what we know as an absolute clause. In absolute clauses, with or without "with," the verb is always in "-ing" form.

The sentence above is a variant of:

- Last year, Abu Dhabi approved the rapid DPI test to screen for Covid-19 at its borders, the results of which are generated within five minutes.

Let's see another example. Here we can read this sentence:

- The impacts of climate change exacerbate the situation, with its effects being felt everywhere and having real consequences on people's lives.

The sentence above is another version of:

- The impacts of climate change exacerbate the situation, the effects of which are felt everywhere and have real consequences on people's lives.

Thanks, Gustavo. I'm sorry that usage did not come to mind.

Hi, G.M,

@Grammar Man posted:

Dear Sir, Thank you for your help. Would you mind writing down three sentences as same as like that for a better understanding?

See this link:

https://thegrammarexchange.inf...ic/absolute-clause-2

Last edited by ahmed_btm

Dear @Gustavo, Co-Moderator

Your explanation below :

- Last year, Abu Dhabi approved the rapid DPI test to screen for Covid-19 at its borders, the results of which are generated within five minutes.

My assumption: - Last year, Abu Dhabi approved the rapid DPI test to screen for Covid-19 at its borders, the results of which were generated within five minutes.

Which one is the right answer for the below :-

"Last year, Abu Dhabi approved the rapid DPI test to screen for Covid-19 at its borders, with results being generated within five minutes."

Last edited by Grammar Man
@Grammar Man posted:


- Last year, Abu Dhabi approved the rapid DPI test to screen for Covid-19 at its borders, the results of which are generated within five minutes.

My assumption: - Last year, Abu Dhabi approved the rapid DPI test to screen for Covid-19 at its borders, the results of which were generated within five minutes.



"Being" is a non-finite or tenseless form of the verb. In the sentence above, it substitutes for the present, because the fact that the results of the test are ready in five minutes is a scientific truth, independent of the past approval of the test in Abu Dhabi.

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