Could you please tell me which of the interpretations is correct?

- The telephone was ringing, but by the time I got indoors, it stopped.


1. By the time I got indoors, the telephone had stopped.

2. The telephone stopped immediately after I got indoors.

Thanks in advance.

Original Post

Hi, Robby zhu,

I think interpretation (2) should be:

2'. The telephone stopped immediately before I got in.

The use of the past perfect will suggest anteriority:

1'. By the time I got in, the telephone had already stopped (some time before my arrival).

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