I need to know how true to write days, months, seasons, etc with capital letter at the beginning correct or false is.
I know it can vary according to the region, country , etc, but I need to know about the standard English.
Last edited {1}
Original Post
Days of the week and months are written with capital letters at the beginning, as in the sentences below. The names of the seasons are not capitalized (unless they come first in the sentence):

"¢ Would you prefer to go out on Saturday or Sunday? Maybe a Tuesday or Wednesday might be better.

"¢ Bob's birthday is in January and Betty's is in February. They usually take a winter vacation. The ski together in the winter.

"¢ In the summers, they like to go to the beach during the hot months of June, July, and August.

"¢ Fall is my favorite season. Winter is too cold. Spring is my second-favorite season. Summer is too hot.

These rules are for standard English, and as far as I know, they don't vary by region or country.

Rules for punctuation fill whole books. If you could ask a specific question, like your previous question about days, months, and seasons, the Grammar Exchange could answer it.

There are many, many online guides to grammar and punctuation. It's hard to find the topic "capitalization," though.

Here are two web pages with clear rules on punctuation:

On the left side of the page, click on "Punctuation and Capitalization Rules."


Good luck!

I read that 'the capitals normally apply only to the content words, not to grammatical words:


What about "The Times" and "Family Lost In Fishing Boat Mystery"? why are "T" and "I" capitalized in "The" and "In" despite being grammatical words?
Good question, Ismael! I've noticed over the past few years that people are becoming sloppier about how they capitalize and punctuate in English.

The should only be capitalized in the title of that newspaper if it's the first word of a sentence.

The preposition in should also only be capitalized if it's the first word in a title or headline.

Here is the style followed by the Chicago Manual of Style*:

Initial 'the' in periodical titles. When newspapers and periodicals are mentioned in text, an initial the, even if part of the official title, is lowercased (unless it begins a sentence)and not italicized. Foreign language titles, however, retain the article in the original language -- but only if it is an official part of the title.

She reads the Chicago Tribune on the train.
We read Le Monde and Die Zeit while traveling in Europe.
Did you see the refiew in the Frankfurter Allgemaine."

Here is the style followed by the New York Times in its own style manual**(notice that I did not capitalize "the" in my text reference because I know the Chicago style, like Richard). It is different regarding "the" in titles of newspapers:

"the Capitalize uniformly in the names of newspapers, journals and magazines: The New York Times, The Times, The Daily News, The News.

But lowercase the when using a publication title as a modifier (the Daily News reporter), because in such a case, the is grammatically attached to the noun (reporter).

Some publication names to not include the, even in conversation: Newsday, National Review, Reader's Digest, Congressiional Quarterly.

Lowercase the in names of organizations, companies, schools, restaurants, hotels, etc. And the country is the Netherlands, though its capital is The Hague."

A quick glance through some pages of The New York Times shows that "the" is capitalized in references to The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Miami Herald, and The Boston Globe, but not the London Times.

How do we reconcile these two styles? Wikipedia -- which is not the last word, although a lot of its information is correct -- has this comment:

"Use of capitalisation varies.

Sometimes, the words in titles of publications, newspaper headlines, as well as chapter and section headings are capitalised in the same manner as in normal sentences (sentence case). That is, only the first letter of the first word is capitalised, along with proper nouns, etc.

However, publishers sometimes require additional words in titles and headlines to have the initial capital, for added emphasis, as it is often perceived as appearing more professional. In AmE, this is common in titles, but less so in newspaper headlines. The exact rules differ between publishers and are often ambiguous; a typical approach is to capitalise all words other than short articles, prepositions, and conjunctions. This should probably be regarded as a common stylistic difference, rather than a linguistic difference, as neither form would be considered incorrect or unusual in either the UK or the U.S. Many British tabloid newspapers (such as The Sun, The Daily Sport, News of the World) use fully capitalised headlines for impact, as opposed to readability (for example, BERLIN WALL FALLS or BIRD FLU PANIC). On the other hand, the broadsheets (such as The Guardian, The Times, and The Independent) usually follow the sentence style of having only the first letter of the first word capitalised."

*The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Edition. The University of Chicago Press 2003
*The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage, by Allan M. Siegal and William G. Connolly. Random House 1999
This is actually a great question, Ismael! It's not something that most people notice.

The reason that of is represented with a capital O in the acronym LDOCE is that the editors just decided arbitrarily to include the preposition in the acronym. One possible reason they decided to keep the O might have been to make it easy to pronounce the acronym as if it were a real name: [el - dos] or even [el - dosi]. It's impossible to pronounce "LDCE," so a speaker would always be forced to sound out each letter individually: "I'll check that word online on the site for the L-D-C-E." Saying that every time you refer to that site is not convenient!

But if they had wanted to, they just as easily could have left out the capital O and decided to use the acronym LDCE -- or they even could have gone with LDCEO, where the final O would have meant "Online."

When the creator of the title of something decides to use an acronym since the title is rather long, he can do whatever he wants as far as which words he wants represented by capital letters in that acronym.


Add Reply

Link copied to your clipboard.