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Hi, Ahmed,

@ahmed_btm posted:

'Preparation' is used to mean 'training' in the second sentence, which means that the writer wants to use the passive causative 'prepared'. When 'prepare' means 'to make sb ready', it is used as a transitive verb, which makes only the passive meaning the best answer here.

While I agree with you that "prepared" is the best choice because of the sentence that follows (I would have said They don't need any more preparation), which means they are already prepared, I don't think "prepared" is a passive causative but rather an adjective, similar to "ready." Notice that "have got," not "have," is being used. Also, the present tense suggests that the sentence describes a state of things (the condition of having them prepared or ready for the competition), not the process of having them prepared, or preparing them, for the competition.

In:

I've got some students to prepare

"prepare" can be transitive (to prepare them) or, less probably, intransitive (who will prepare), but points to the future. If they don't need any further preparation, that is because the teacher already has them prepared.

In:

I've got some students preparing

"preparing" is intransitive, meaning "in the process of getting ready," perhaps by themselves.

Last edited by Gustavo, Contributor

Hi, Gustavo,

Hi, Ahmed,

I don't think "prepared" is a passive causative but rather an adjective, similar to "ready." Notice that "have got," not "have," is being used. Also, the present tense suggests that the sentence describes a state of things (the condition of having them prepared or ready for the competition), not the process of having them prepared, or preparing them, for the competition.

I think the writer of this sentence wants to use 'have got' in the present perfect. In this way, the second sentence would be the result of the first one. I think that this sentence would work fine if we imagine the speaker to be the school headmaster.

The school headmaster: I've got some of the cleverest students prepared for the competition (by their teachers). They don't need preparation anymore.

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