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One of the following sentences contains an independent clause and a dependent clause, which makes it a complex sentence. Which is the complex sentence?

1.After the rain ended, the sky became blue.
2.Jenny was the largest elephant in the circus.
3.I came home; I saw an envelope in the mailbox.
4.I hesitated a moment, but her smile gave me courage.
Original Post
The complex sentence is #1. Its independent clause is "the sky became blue." The dependent clause is "after the rain ended."

#2 is a simple sentence: one subject, one verb.

#3 contains two independent clauses. They are connected here by a semi-colon. A semi-colon is one way to connect independent clauses. You could also use "and" in this case. Or, you could make this sentence into a complex sentence making the first clause a dependent clause. Then the sentence would be: "When I came home, I saw an envelope in the mailbox."

#4 is a compound sentence. It has two independent clauses joined by the coordinating conjunction "but."

Rachel
Last edited by Rachel, Moderator

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