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@Tony C posted:

Sometimes, I am confused whether I should use the active or passive.

e.g. The $10K you received on 1 January 2020 is comprised of/comprises of:

a. $5000: bonus

b. $5000: Your salary payment. Thanks!

Hello, Tony C—The use of "is comprised of" is widespread and debatable as to its acceptability. That said, the traditional grammatical wisdom here is that you should opt for either "comprises" (not "comprises of") or "is composed of."

The $5000 bonus and the $5000 salary payment compose the $10,000 that the addressee received on 1 January 2020. That ten-thousand-dollar sum comprises those two five-thousand-dollar financial events.

Last edited by David, Moderator

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