In which sentence are the italicized words a dangling modifer?

1.Arriving ten minutes late, the store was closed for the night.
2.Flying beneath the cloud,the pilot could see the airport.
3.Resting on the sea bottom, the old trunk held many coins.
4.Not knowing the danger, the soldiers marched into the trap.
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# 1 has a dangling modifier. "Arriving ten minutes late" is a modifying expression, of course, but it is illogical in the sentence. It has to clearly indicate – probably by being placed right next to – the noun it modifies.

The dangling modifier has its name because it "dangles" out there, not attached to anything,

#1 could be: "Arriving ten minutes late, Darius found the store closed for the night."

Last edited by Rachel, Moderator

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