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@zonzon posted:

Is there a difference in meaning between:

1-When I was eating, father phoned

2-When father phoned, I was eating

Hi, zonzon—I agree with Ahmed_btm that both sentences have the same meaning, in that they both convey the same informational content.

That does not mean, however, that either sentence will be equally felicitous and natural in any context in which one of them works well.

In (1), the speaker's eating is backgrounded (in the subordinate clause) and the father's phoning foregrounded (in the main clause). In (2), the reverse is true.

In order to decide which works better in a given context, you need to decide which thing your listeners/readers do not already know, and foreground it.

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