Are both these constructions right?
Hello, Carlos, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange!
We're happy that you have joined the forum. In the future, please include the construction(s) you are asking about in your question. The reader should not have to refer to the title of the thread in order to understand your question.
Of the two constructions you have asked about, only "Do any of your friends . . . ?" works. "Does any of your friends . . . ?" does not work at all. Partitive constructions with "any" take a plural verb when they involve count nouns.
With noncount nouns, you can use "Does any of. . . ?" For example, you can say, "Does any of the sand feel pebbly?" You can also, of course, use sentences like "Does anyone you are friends with . . . ?" or "Does any friend of yours . . . ?"
I agree with David on all counts. I also accept:
Does any one of your friends ...
I won't say that it is strictly wrong without "one", but I definitely think it works better with. Compare:
- Do any of you wish to challenge me?
- ? Does any of you wish to challenge me?
- Does any one of you wish to challenge me?
I think that (1) and (3) work perfectly well. I don't like (2) at all.
I'd like to bring to your attention two old threads in which our former moderator Rachel, to whom David is a most worthy successor, provided some explanations which support both David's and DocV's views:
My take is that, being the interrogative form of "some," "any" does not usually work with singular count nouns -- if "some" does not usually work with singular count nouns, why would "any"?
Since we say in the affirmative:
One (NOT Some) of my friends dances tango very well,
there is no reason why we should use "any" in the interrogative, that is, unless it is accompanied by "one" to make the singular evident:
Does (any) one of your friends dance tango?
Instead, "some" and "any" work well in the plural:
Some of my friends dance tango very well.
Do any of your friends dance tango?
Thanks for this input, Gustavo, and for providing these excellent examples from Rachel.
One more point I'd like to make is that in most of these examples, where "any" is not immediately followed by a substantive (and here, a prepositional phrase doesn't count), "any" is essentially a pronoun which tends to be understood as plural if the referent is countable. However, when it is directly followed by a substantive ("one" in my example, or "friend" in David's), "any" is essentially an article, and the verb must take the number of the substantive that it complements. Hence David's example "does any friend ..." as opposed to "do any of your friends ...".