Ahmed55 posted:

The parents.... have a car .

(Both/each)

Is there any difference between two sentences?

I don't see a big difference in meaning between them as in either case they are used for emphasis.

On Longman English Grammar L. G. Alexander (section 5.26.2):

  • Each, but not every, can refer to both the members of a pair:

- As they had both worked so hard they each received a bonus.

  • 'Both' usually means 'two items considered together'; 'each' considers two things separately:

- I spoke to both of the twins this morning. (i.e. together)

- I spoke to each of the twins this morning (i.e. separately)

Ahmed55 posted:

So , the most appropriate answer in the second sentence is each to show that each of them has a car?

No. 

Strictly speaking, the expected model answer to such a question in our exams is: 'both'. You will find a similar question to yours below in exercise (1)  provided with its model answer (left side: 4-D).

Grammatically speaking, there are two correct answers here: 'both' and 'each'. BTW, I completely agree with DOCV's previous comments on the same question that it is better to say:

- Both of my parents have..... 

- Each of my parents has...,. 

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