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Hello, Lawrence, and welcome to the Grammar Exchange.

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What is your doubt? Both are correct but syntactically different.

Hello, Gustavo. can you explain why <I saw my brother boarded a bus this morning> is correct?  Do you mean <I saw that my brother boarded a bus this morning>?

Can you explain what does <syntactically different> mean, please?

Last edited by GBLSU
@GBLSU posted:

can you explain why <I saw my brother boarded a bus this morning> is correct?  Do you mean <I saw that my brother boarded a bus this morning>?

Yes. "I" saw something. That something was that "I"'s brother boarded a bus that morning.

In the other sentence:

- I saw my brother board a bus this morning

the infinitive is an object complement. This kind of structure is typical of perceptual verbs. With verbs of cognition, for example, only "that"-clauses are possible:

- I discovered (that) my brother boarded a bus this morning.
- I realized (that) my brother boarded a bus this morning.
- I understood (that) my brother boarded a bus this morning.

Yes. "I" saw something. That something was that "I"'s brother boarded a bus that morning.

In the other sentence:

- I saw my brother board a bus this morning

the infinitive is an object complement. This kind of structure is typical of perceptual verbs. With verbs of cognition, for example, only "that"-clauses are possible:

- I discovered (that) my brother boarded a bus this morning.
- I realized (that) my brother boarded a bus this morning.
- I understood (that) my brother boarded a bus this morning.

Thank you for your confirmation.

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