Dear All,

I had always thought that it was "It is you who HAVE to ...." until I read "It is you who HAS to ..." the other day.

Which is right ?

Thank you.

Original Post
According to Michael Swan*, there is a formal/ informal difference in sentences like these:

a) It is I who am responsible. (formal)
b) It's me that's responsible. (informal)
c) It's you who are in the wrong. (formal)
d) It's you that's in the wrong. (informal

These sentences use the relative pronoun "that," not "who," in the modifying clause, so your sentences can not be compared exactly with these.

A search on Google produced 377 examples of "it's you who have" in sentences like these:

"¢ ... If you want to ride a bicycle And ride it straight and tall. You can't simply sit and look at it "Cause it won't move at all. But it's you who have to try it. ...

"¢ ... everything. It's basically a matter of mentality; the world is not going to change for you; it's you who have to change for the world. ...

"¢ ... you". No, no, no, it's you who have to understand the computer, sothat it will be the best tool for doing what you want it does. ...

"¢ ... Captain: About Bertha's parentage. Laura: Are there any doubts about that?
Captain: There are for me, and it's you who have raised them. ...

Google produced twice as many, 790, in sentences like these:

"¢ Forget about what your friends have to say about your body and remember that it's you who has to be happy with it and nobody else. ...

"¢ That's what I want you to understand now. You have choices. And it's okay to say "NO!" to friends, especially when it's you who has to answer to those choices. ...

"¢ ... own the place. "The boss is there and he or she is not going to change," Lundin said. "It's you who has to change.". The risk in ...

"¢ It's you who has to come up with a suitably attractive environment without splashing out too much cash (so people will move in, and, once there, stay), and ...

You could use either construction. If you don't feel comfortable with either one, you might change the construction. Swan advises:

"To avoid being either too formal or too informal in this case, we could say, for example, ˜I'm the person/ the one who's responsible.' "

*Practical English Usage, Second Edition, by Michael Swan. Oxford University Press. 1995

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