Skip to main content

Replies sorted oldest to newest

quote:
1- I hate getting up early.

2- I hate to get up early.

As you know, Sayed, the verb 'hate' may be followed by either a gerund (getting) or an infinitive (to get). The meaning is, for all practical purposes, the same.

You might say that 'I hate getting up' focuses a little bit more on the complete activity, which you have done many times before. You might say that 'I hate to get up' focuses on the beginning of the activity, and what happens after that. But actually, the two constructions mean the same thing, with that very, very small nuance of difference.

In general, with verbs that can take either the gerund or the infinitive, you might think of the gerund as being 'backward-looking,' and the infinitive as being 'forward-looking.' See this link: http://thegrammarexchange.info...06008054?r=892607725
Parallel with the general difference between gerunds and infinitives, which Rachel pointed to, for the case of "hate," "like," "love," and "prefer," you can see New First Certificate by Haines and Stewart:


The meaning of the verbs like, prefer, hate, and love changes slightly, depending on whether the gerund or infinitive follows them.

1. The gerund is more usual for general statements when the emphasis is on the enjoyment (or not) of the action.
Mary prefers eating out to eating at home.

2. The infinitive is more usual for more specific statements where extra information is given.
Jane prefers to eat out because there is no washing-up to do.

NOTE. With the verb like + infinitive there is often the added meaning of a preferred alternative.
I like to drive there might imply "I prefer that means of transport to going by train or coach."


Accordingly, one might say, "I like playing soccer, but I don't like to play now. I feel exhausted today." In the first coordinate clause, the gerund is used because it indicates a general liking; however, the infinitive is used in the second clause to talk about a specific occasion (= now).

Add Reply

×
×
×
×
Link copied to your clipboard.
×