Hi!  I have a question about the word "handmade" in this sentence:

From March to November, the owners of Vernon Cottage in Shanklin have handmade enough scones to stretch across the Isle of Wight from north to south - and are now well on their way to completing the crossing from east to west as well. (https://www.countypress.co.uk/...e-isle-of-wight-day/

 I was wondering how the "handmade" woks in the sentence.  I can think of three possibilities:

(1) It is an adjective pre-modifying the noun "scones."

(2) It is a past participle following the auxiliary "have."  In that case, it implies there is a verb "handmake." 

(3) It is an adjective that is supposed to follow the noun "scones" but it is placed there for some (stylistic) purpose, just like "He had A ready" and "He had ready A, B, C, and D."

I would very much appreciate your comment!

Original Post

Hi, Yasukotta,

"handmake" is a verb (I have to say it's not very frequently used -- make/manufacture by hand may be more usual). Much more usual is the adjective "handmade," as in "handmade scones."

In the sentence:

The owners of Vernon Cottage in Shanklin have handmade enough scones to stretch across the Isle of Wight from north to south.

"handmade" is a past participle (so "have handmade" is the present perfect form of the verb "handmake") (your option 2).

It cannot be (1) because of the presence of "enough," which determines intensity when it refers to an adjective, as in "good enough." However, there cannot be different degrees of handmaking.

It also cannot be (3), because word order is strict in English when it comes to the structure you refer to, which given the participial nature of "handmade" would amount to the causative use of "have." Therefore:

- The owners of Vernon Cottage have enough scones handmade.

would mean that they get other people to make them.

yasukotta posted:

None of my dictonaries have a verb "handmake" but only an adjective "handmade."  

"Handmake" is a rather uncommon verb. According to The Oxford English Dictionary (OED), it came into use in the late nineteenth century, and for the first hundred years of its use was spelled with a hyphen in the middle:

handmake, v.

Frequency (in current use): 
Origin: Formed within English, by compounding. Etymons: hand n., make v.1
Etymology: < hand n. + make v.1, after handmade adj.

  transitive. To make by hand, as opposed to by machine.

1877   L. E. Bergeron Turner's Man. iii. 97   To hand-make a moulding with a gouge is a difficult process.
1914   Pop. Mech. Feb. 223/1   The [carriage wheel] spokes were hand-made with a drawing knife.
1971   Ebony Mar. 67/1 (advt.)    He handmade the first sour mash Bourbon. We still use our hands in making Old Crow.
2008   C. Cox Vintage Shoes 201/1   All of Choo's shoes were entirely handmade on the premises..—he was handmaking two pairs per day.

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