Please have a look at these two sentences:

I hate it when he does that.

I hate when he does that.


1,They have the same meaning, but the first one is more common, right?

2,How do you parse the first sentence?

My take is that "it" Is dummy object , with when-clause being the real one.

Is it also possible to view "when..." as adverbial?

Original Post

Hi, Robby zhu,

Your take is correct: in (1), which is more common than (2) and sounds better to some speakers, the "when"-clause is the real or logical object and "it" is a dummy or anticipatory object. The clause will only be adverbial if there is another object, for example:

- I hate him when he does that.

For further information about this structure, you can check the grammar section of the Collins dictionary here.

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