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1 If you hadn't helped me, I would have been in big trouble.

2 If you didn't help me, I would have been in big trouble.

Are those sentences different in meaning?

I guess the second one seems so not right, though.



3 It was turned out that he hadn't completed the project

passive is wrong?

Many thanks in advance.

Last edited by Dude
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@Dude posted:

1 If you hadn't helped me, I would have been in big trouble.

2 If you didn't help me, I would have been in big trouble.

Are those sentences different in meaning?

I guess the second one seems so not right, though.

Hi, Dude—Past counterfactual conditionals (sometimes called Type 3 conditionals), in which the "if"-clause refers to an event that did not happen, should have the past perfect in the "if"-clause, as in (1) but not in (2).

@Dude posted:


3 It was turned out that he hadn't completed the project

passive is wrong?



Yes, it is ungrammatical to use the passive voice there. "Turn out" is a special type of verb (a raising verb), which functions like "happen." You can say:

(3a) It turned out that he hadn't completed the project.
(3b) He turned out not to have completed the project.

Hi, Dude—Past counterfactual conditionals (sometimes called Type 3 conditionals), in which the "if"-clause refers to an event that did not happen, should have the past perfect in the "if"-clause, as in (1) but not in (2).

(3a) It turned out that he hadn't completed the project.
(3b) He turned out not to have completed the project.

Many thanks. 

Doesn't (2) work at all, even in the in a colloquial style?

2 If you didn't help me, I would have been in big trouble.

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