"In that" means "because":

"For the reason that, because, as in In that you will be busy for the next few weeks, let's go over your paper now.*

"In that" can be used to introduce a dependent clause either before or after the main clause.
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"In case that" and "in the event that" both mean "if something should happen."

"...... If it should happen that. For example, In case[that] he doesn't show up, we have a backup speaker. ."*

In this sentence, you could also use "in the event (that) he doesn't show up...." These phrases can be used in a dependent clause either before or after the main clause.
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"In which case" means "under these circumstances" and has to go after an independent clause:

He might not show up, in which case we'll leave without him.

The Tigers are probably going to win the game tonight, in which case we won't have a victory party.

Rachel
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*The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer. Houghton Mifflin Company. 1997

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