Hello All,

1) This chair is made by Tom.
2) This chair was made by Tom.

When does one use "is made" and when does one use "was made" ? Because "made" is past, and both the sentences are in the passive form.From the present point of view the chair is already made so which sentence would one use..so explanation would be highly appreciated as usual Smile
Thanks
Original Post
1. This chair is made by Tom

The present tense is not used in speaking of a single event, such as the construction of an object, since you can make something only once. If the word "chair" refers to a kind/style of chair, rather than a single item, the action can be seen as repeated, and the present tense is OK. It means

This [kind/style] of chair is made by Tom [in his studio]

Tom, then, is the manufacturer of that kind of chair.

When talking about the material(s) used in the construction of an object, the passive does not represent an action but rather a state, and the present tense is correct, for example:

This chair is made of wood, not bamboo. It just looks like bamboo

2. This chair was made by Tom

This is correct, since it talks about a single action--making a single chair--in the past.

Marilyn Martin

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