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quote:
Please tell me the function of the noun clause "that smoking has bad effects on our health"
=> The assumption that smoking has bad effects on our health has been proved."
Hello, Coco,

The that-clause is the complement of the noun assumption. It's not a relative clause. Notice that which cannot be substituted for that: The assumption which smoking has bad effects on our heath has been proved.

That is a "complementizer" that introduces a full sentence: smoking has bad effects on our health. Together they function as complement to the noun assumption. Only certain nouns can be complemented in this way. Here's a small sample:

the fact that smoking has bad effects on our health
the hypothesis that smoking has bad effects on our health
the belief that smoking has bad effects on our health
the understanding that smoking has bad effects on our health
the theory that smoking has bad effects on our health


Others include: opinion, truth, possibility, faith, idea, inference, implication, desire, conclusion, claim, assertion, argument, principle, request, news.

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