Which sentence uses the passive voice.

1.The rain continued until dawn.
2.John searched for a job.
3.The tree was planted by Mary.
4.Lies destroy friendship.
Original Post
# 3 contains the passive verb: "was planted."

The passive is identified by a form of the verb "be" -- here it is "was" – plus a past participle, which is "planted" in this sentence. The subject of this verb is "the tree," and "was planted" tells what happened to it.

Sentences #1, #2, and #4 have subjects with active verbs. Those subjects perform the action in the sentences. In contrast, in # 3, the subject doesn't perform any action, but action is performed on it (in this case, by Mary).

Last edited by Rachel, Moderator

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