Past perfect

Ahmed Abdelhafeez posted:

The following sentence is in the school book:

Hello, Ahmed A.,

Your use of "the" in "the school book" is worth considering. By using the definite article there, you are presupposing that your readers (I and others) will know which school book you are referring to, whereas none of us has any idea which book you are referring to. Thus, it would have been better to use "a school book." Of course, we would prefer to know the name of the book and who wrote it.

Ahmed Abdelhafeez posted:

"I had waited until my car was repaired."

What is the difference in meaning between the previous sentence and the following one:

"I waited until my car had been repaired"

There is very little difference in meaning as far as the "until"-clause is concerned. You can use the past tense or the past perfect in that clause. The difference between them is as negligible as the difference between "I'll wait until my car is repaired" and "I'll wait until my car has been repaired." You would use "I had waited" (as opposed to "I waited") if there were a reason to use the past perfect.

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