1- The ship arrival.
2- The ship's arrival.
You can use the phrase 'the ship's arrival.' or 'the arrival of the ship.' or Both of these phrases are correct.
The ship arrival
is not correct.
First, for most inanimate things, we usually use the 'of-phrase' to express possession. So, we say 'the leaves of the trees' and 'the name of the restaurant.'
It would be possible to use many of these phrases with the apostrophe -S to indicate possession: 'the trees' leaves' and 'the restaurant's name.' It would not sound natural to say
the tree leaves
the restaurant name.
On the other hand, not all phrases can be formed with the apostrophe for possession. For example, we can say, 'the legs of the table' and 'the table legs,' but usually not
the table's legs
. We can say, 'the floor of the kitchen' and 'the kitchen floor,' but not usually
the kitchen's floor
There are loose rules for the formation of these phrases, but it is fair to say that each phrase has to be learned individually.
In the case of the words 'arrival' and 'departure,' we more frequently use the apostrophe -S form, or the 'of' form. So we would say:
Flight 122's departure was late.
The departure of Flight 122 was delayed.
We awaited the ship's arrival.
We awaited the arrival of the ship.
The New York Times has many examples of both ‘the ship’s arrival’ and ‘the arrival of the ship.’ The more modern sentences are ‘the ship’s arrival,’ like these examples:
• The Police Department has planned a range of special security measures for the ship’s arrival
, Commissioner Raymond W. Kelly said yesterday. ...
• The ship’s arrival
on Saturday marked the end of a yearlong round of experiments paid for mostly by the National Science Foundation, with support from the ...
I found many examples of ‘the ship’s arrival
’ in commercial-appearing documents on Google:
• Under agency on trip basis, the Entrusting Party should remit in full the amount for ship's disbursement as estimated by the Branch at the port(s) of call so early as to ensure its receipt before ship’s arrival
• ... Suez Canal in March said Thursday that the ship’s arrival
at the wrong time was a ... “The Global Patriot's arrival ahead of schedule was a significant ...www.dailystaregypt.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=16083
• RMC/Contractor shipchecks take place upon ship’s arrival
. ... Schedule Restrictions. Ships in VR should support the work week schedule provided by local ...www.submepp.navy.mil/jfmm/HTML/.../III-Ch-03.htm
Please see this previous discussion on the Grammar Exchange:https://thegrammarexchange.infopop.cc/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/340600179/m/2916096772?r=2026014972#2026014972
In answer to your question, Sayed, ‘the ship’s arrival’ is the correct phrase. You could also use ‘the arrival of the ship.’