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I, too, am waiting for the answer to your excellent question.

I just wanted to pass along an interesting little point that might interest some members and guests.

In past years, people who prided themselves on proper English would say something like: "I was graduated from the university in 1959."

If anyone wants more examples, just go to the "Books" section of Google and type in the words "I was graduated from."

Hello, Wael Shaltoot and TheParser,

In The Grammar of the English Verb Phrase Volume 1: The Grammar of the
English Tense System: A Comprehensive Analysis, Renaat Declerck refers to "this week" as a "multi-zone temporal adverbial," that is, an adverbial that can combine with either the past simple (at some past time during this week) or the present perfect (this week which has not not yet finished). He says that the choice of tense depends on the speaker’s temporal focus.

Multi-zone time-specifying adverbials like today, this week, this month, this year, this century, etc. are compatible with the present perfect as well as the past tense. The choice of tense depends on the speaker’s choice of temporal focus.

Tom (graduated _has graduated) from university this month.

I have come across this sentence.

The model answer is "graduated"

Myself,  "has graduated" is better .

Did the model answer imply that the past simple is correct as the action will not take place again.

I think both answers are possible depending on whether we view the action as a one-time event that happened some time ago during this month, or we have in mind the idea "Tom is now a graduate."

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