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- Most private companies, meanwhile, ignored their obligation to provide pensions for their workers.At those that did , allegations of mismanagement and fraud abounded. (From the Economist).

Hello, everyone. I'd like to know if:

At those that did

= At those companies that provide pensions for their workers.

or

= As those companies that ignored their obligation to...

 

Thanks in advance.

 

 If context is needed:

Nigeria has spent a decade resurrecting its pension system. Back at the turn of the century, government employees were enrolled in a defined-benefit system (in which eventual payments are fixed).It had run up unfunded liabilities of 2 trillion naira (12.9 billion).Governments seldom put aside enough money to pay existing pensioners, let alone to cover future costs. Retirees often went unpaid. Most private companies, meanwhile, ignored their obligation to provide pensions for their workers. At those that did, allegations of mismanagement and fraud abounded.

Original Post

Hi, Robby zhu—The title of this thread indicates that you think your question has to do with pro-forms. It really has to do with ellipsis.

@Robby zhu posted:

- Most private companies, meanwhile, ignored their obligation to provide pensions for their workers.At those that did , allegations of mismanagement and fraud abounded.

"At those that did" is elliptical for "At those that did [provide pensions for their workers]." While it is possible to have "At those that did [ignore their obligation to provide . . .]," that interpretation wouldn't be appropriate here, for three reasons.

First, the nearest verb phrase to the elided one is "provide pensions for their workers." Second, unlike "ignored," "provide" is the same form as the elided head (the base form). Third, "at those that did [provide]" fits the sense of the passage.

The meaning is that most companies did not provide pensions, and those that did provide them mismanaged them. Companies either did not provide pensions at all or provided them but mismanaged them.

Last edited by David, Moderator

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