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Here's what I've just found concerning 'the comma of omission':

"When two dependent elements would be linked by a coordinate conjunction but the conjunction is left out, use a comma between the elements to separate them. (This does not apply to independent clauses.)"

…I looked for it in the garage and in the house.
…I looked for it in the garage, in the house.

…She was driving northbound on Palm and turned left at the corner.
…She was driving northbound on Palm, turned left at the corner.

So, I think the conjunction 'and' is replaced by 'a comma' in this sentence. I mean, instead of saying "and to be part of a group", we say ", to be part of a group".

Is that what you mean, @ahmed_btm?

Hi, Ahmed and Ayman,

@ayman posted:

Here's what I've just found concerning 'the comma of omission':

"When two dependent elements would be linked by a coordinate conjunction but the conjunction is left out, use a comma between the elements to separate them. (This does not apply to independent clauses.)"

…I looked for it in the garage and in the house.
…I looked for it in the garage, in the house.

…She was driving northbound on Palm and turned left at the corner.
…She was driving northbound on Palm, turned left at the corner.

So, I think the conjunction 'and' is replaced by 'a comma' in this sentence. I mean, instead of saying "and to be part of a group", we say ", to be part of a group".

Is that what you mean, @ahmed_btm?

Yes, exactly.

@Ahmed.A.A posted:

Hi, I think we should use "and" instead of the last comma in the following sentence.

"People smoke for many reasons: because they are shy, nervous or don't feel at ease in society, to appear sophisticated and older, to be part of a group."

The elements of the list following the colon are not grammatically parallel. This would work:

  • People smoke for many reasons: to be more outgoing or less nervous, to feel at ease in society, to appear sophisticated or older, to be part of a group, etc.

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