Tony, you cannot say "the $2,000": you can say $2,000 or an/the amount of $2,000.
It's unclear what you want to say. Amounts can be charged to, or deducted from a loan. If you provide more context, we might be able to help you. One thing is clear: both record to and record against sound wrong in that sentence.
Thanks Gustavo, let me put into another context or example. But first of all let me clarify: The example below is referring to recording a transaction in accounting software. When you record something, it will be debited or credited to a ledger.
So, for example:
When you purchase something for business purposes, the amount you incurred should be recorded against/to "X" ledger, instead of "Y" ledger.
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