This is the first of three questions about reduced adverb clauses submitted to the Grammar Exchange team by a teacher. Each of the questions was answered briefly by Betty Azar, then they were answered more in detail by Marilyn.
Although these exchanges were not posted on the newsgroup, we feel that they will be of interest to the members.
Here is the first question, with its responses:
1) "She decided to quit school after she got married." can be reduced to
"After getting married, she decided to quit school."
but it seems that "She decided to quit school after she gets married"
can't be reduced, or if it can, it would be ambiguous (again, "After
getting married, she decided to quit school.")
Is there a rule that adverb clauses of time referring to the future cannot be reduced?
Betty Azar replies:
(1) As for your first question, the time of the modifying adverb phrase is the same as that of the main verb --
After getting married, she's going to quit school = After she gets married (in the future)
After getting married, she quit school = After she got married.
The adverb phrase assumes the time of the main verb unless there are other time indicators.