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Hi, @Ahmed Imam Attia

Here's what Prof. Swan says:

Regret + -ing form looks back at the past - at something that one is sorry that
one did.
I regret leaving school at 16 - it was a big mistake.
Regret + infinitive is used mostly in announcements of bad news.
We regret to inform passengers that the 14.50 train is one hour late.
We regret to say that we are unable to help you.

And in Cambridge Dictionary:

1) Regret - ing: 

to feel sorry about a situationespecially something that you wish you had not done:
If you don't tell her the truth you'll regret it later.
[ + doing sth ] I really regret leaving school so young.
[ + (that) ] He began to regret that he hadn't paid more attention in class.
 More examples

2) regret + infintive:

SORRY TO SAY formal

used to say that you are sorry that you have to tell someone about a situation:
[ + to do sth ] We regret to inform you that the application has been refused.
[ + (that) ] The council regrets that the money is no longer available.
So. I think the best option here is "going" to refer to the point of feeling sorry for doing something.
Anyway, I'm waiting, of course, for our teachers' answer.

 

Yes, the answer is "Do you regret going to the party?," not "Do you regret to go to the party?" When there is or may be regret for something that has already occurred, we always use either a (finite) "that"-clause or a (nonfinite) -ing clause. "Do you regret going to the party?" means the same thing as "Do you regret that you went to the party?"

The formal use of "regret to VP" is confined to verbs of speaking. "Regret to" is almost invariably followed by verbs like "inform," "tell," "say," "ask," "report," etc., where the clause following that verb does the informing. I think a sentence like "I regret to tell you this" may be analyzed as an abbreviated version of "I regret needing to tell you this," which contains the -ing complement after all.

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