Hi, Ahmed,

Ahmed Abdelhafeez posted:


"He said a moment ago:"I have just seen the doctor.""

Is it reported as following:

"He said a moment ago that he....... just seen the doctor."

A-had      b-has

I think (had) 



Both are correct. However, if this question comes from an outside book or one of our exams, you will find the answer 'has'. That's simply because in our exams we don't use backshift when the reporting verb has just been said.

I agree with Ahmed_btm's answer here and respect the Egyptian guidelines. For me personally, however, I find the backshifted version ("He said a moment ago that he had just seen a doctor") to be more natural, and that is the sentence that I would naturaly use, though it is true that each is correct and justifiable.

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