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Firstly: Am I correct to say after the reporting verbs and after the word "that", it can be followed by any tense?

e.g. On 1 January 2021, you stated that It is your understanding that the company's director has not changed since its establishment.

or On 1 January 2021, you stated that It was your understanding that the company's director had not changed since its establishment.

Secondly, if the above 2 sentences are grammatically correct, any difference in terms of its meaning?

Thirdly: Can I say, if you are using a reporting verb, generally you are using an indirect speech.

You stated that he is crazy. Stated is a reporting verb and this sentence is an indirect speech.

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Hi, Tony,

@Tony C posted:

Firstly: Am I correct to say after the reporting verbs and after the word "that", it can be followed by any tense?

(A) On 1 January 2021, you stated that It is your understanding that the company's director has not changed since its establishment.

(B) On 1 January 2021, you stated that It was your understanding that the company's director had not changed since its establishment.

Secondly, if the above 2 sentences are grammatically correct, any difference in terms of its meaning?

Only (A) is correct. The present can be used for recent reporting, for example:

(C) You just said that it is your understanding that the company's director has not changed since its establishment.

@Tony C posted:


Thirdly: Can I say, if you are using a reporting verb, generally you are using an indirect speech.

You stated that he is crazy. Stated is a reporting verb and this sentence is an indirect speech.

Generally, but not always. For example, in:

- You stated your opinion.

you are not using indirect speech, strictly speaking.

@Tony C posted:

1. How many hours it takes to be considered as recent reporting?

- You just said ... (seconds, minutes ago)

@Tony C posted:

2. Are you saying that, the sentence "You stated that he is crazy" is not considered as indirect speech, or are you referring to the sentence "you stated your opinion".

"You stated your opinion" is not indirect speech as you know it; "you stated that he is crazy" is.

Last edited by Gustavo, Contributor

- You just said ... (seconds, minutes ago)

"You stated your opinion" is not indirect speech as you know it; "you stated that he is crazy" is.

Hello Gustavo, my apologies. What I meant was for indirect speech, when should we change the tense  from present to past tense after the conversation took place.

e.g. Gustavo told me that I have worked so hard -

How long do I have to wait from the time I had a conversation with Gustavo which requires me to change to past tense as follows:

Gustavo told me that I had worked so hard. Thanks!!!

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