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1) He was overjoyed when he heard the news. So was I.
Could that mean:
He was overjoyed when he heard the news. And I was overjoyed when I heard the news. (We didn't hear it at the same time.)
Normally '1' would mean: ...I was happy when he heard the news.

2) He was surprised when he was shouted at. So was I.

Could that mean:
He was surprised when he was shouted at, and I was surprised when I was shouted at.
Normally '2' would mean: .... I was surprised when I was shouted at.

I think '1' works with that meaning but '2' doesn't...

Gratefully,
Navi

Original Post

Very interesting, Navi. I think that "So was I" can have either meaning in both sentences, and that it is context that will make the difference in interpretation. That said, I think that the meaning which you describe as "normal" will be the only interpretation, the unambiguous meaning, if the "when"-clause is fronted:

1a) When he heard the news, he was overjoyed. So was I.
2a) When he was shouted at, he was surprised. So was I.

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