"Over a period of time the buildings which housed social, legal, religious, and other rituals evolved into forms that we subsequently have come to recognize and associate with those buildings’ function. This is a two-way process; the building provides the physical environment and setting for a particular social ritual such as traveling by train or going to the theater, as well as the symbolic setting."
For the ‘that’ in the first sentence I parse in following two ways;
1) " ~ evolved into <forms=common antecedent> [that we subsequently have come to recognize (forms) and associate (forms) with those buildings’ function].“
* ‘that’ is the objective relative pronoun for the transitive verb - ‘recognize’ and ‘associate’
2) " ~ evolved into <forms> [that we subsequently have come to recognize and associate with those buildings’ function (in the forms)].“
* ‘that’ is the substitute of ‘where’ for the prepositional phrase - ‘in the forms’ and equals to ’in which’ or ‘where’.
Since I think two parsers maybe possible syntactically but I guess 2) is correct semantically, your valuable clarification would be much appreciated.