“. . . Parents who face life’s challenges honestly and openly and who attempt to cope with difficulties instead of avoiding them thereby expose their children early to a pro-self-esteem problem-solving strategy. Those who avoid dealing with difficulties reveal a negative route for handling the challenges and problems of life. Either way, it is important to remember that modeling helps set the stage for healthy self-esteem or problems with it.”
About the meaning of ‘modeling’ above which one is correct, you think, between two? That is, my point of question is who is the implied doer of the ‘modeling’, children or parents? I’m inclined to 1).
1) ‘(children’s) acquisition of a new skill by observing and imitating that behavior being performed by another individual.‘ Thus, I parse the last clause, “... that <children’s imitation of parents’ way to deal with difficulties> helps set the stage for healthy self-esteem or problems with it.“ This meaning has been quoted from; https://www.yourdictionary.com/modeling
2) ‘Parents’ showing for children to imitate’. If so, I do it, “... that <parents’ showing for children to imitate the parents’ way to deal with difficulties> helps set the stage for healthy self-esteem or problems with it.“
Your valuable opinions would be appreciated.