I know 'Sentence 1' is incorrect, and it should be 1a. I think this is because 'belong' is a static verb, not an action verb.
(x) 1. We live on Earth, belonging to the solar system.
-> 1a. We live on Earth, which belongs to the solar system.
However, sentences 2 is correct, I think.
2. We live on a planet [belonging, which belongs] to the solar system.
And I think #3, 4 & 5 are incorrect, but #6 is correct.
(x) 3. We have a lot of flowers [smelling] good in our garden.
(x) 4. Mother made me a beefsteak [tasting] heavenly.
(x) 5. Yesterday he bought a two-story building [having] five bed rooms.
6. A home [having] no child is like as the earth [having] no sun.
Here is my question;
Is there any criterion that decides whether or not we can use the present participle form of a static verb as a modifier. If so, would you please tell me what it is?
Thank you very much.