Hello,

I have two questions about the use of gerund. The first thing is that gerund can have articles when they are used as noun.  Also, I wonder if they can have articles before the noun when they are used to make a compund noun. 

1) Ms. Fell's experiencing makes her an ideal candidate.

2) Carefully examining the problem is important.

3) All commercial catering businesses refrigerate perishable food to prevent it from spoiling.

Finally, I have read some explanations from a TOEIC book that says " in order to distinguish the form of -ing and general noun, you shoud think whether they are countable and uncountable as well as its meaning. However, the book has no example sentences, so could please give examples along with some explanations. The book only has example words, such as "advertisement vs advertising", "fund vs funding", process vs processing", "market vs marketing", "mail vs mailing"

Thank you in advance

 

 

Original Post

Hi, Jiho,

Your question is really confusing.

jiho posted:

I have two questions about the use of gerund. The first thing is that gerund can have articles when they are used as noun.  Also, I wonder if they can have articles before the noun when they are used to make a compund noun. 

1) Ms. Fell's experiencing makes her an ideal candidate.

2) Carefully examining the problem is important.

3) All commercial catering businesses refrigerate perishable food to prevent it from spoiling.

Where have you taken these sentences from? Only (3) is fine. (1) and (2) should be fixed, for example as follows:

1a. Ms. Fell's experience makes her an ideal candidate.

2a. Examining the problem carefully is important.
2b. A careful examination of the problem is important.
2c. It is important to examine the problem carefully. (My favorite.)

It's unclear what you mean by "compound nouns." In "catering businesses," catering is a present participle that modifies the noun businesses. Its function is adjectival, as it can be replaced with a relative clause: businesses that cater (food services). In other cases, even if attributive the V-ing is nominal, as in swimming pool (a pool for swimming).

It is unusual (though not impossible) to find articles before gerunds. Instead of saying:

- The painting of the house took us a whole week.

we would tend to say:

- Painting the house took us a whole week.

By the way, "painting" (meaning "picture") is a good example of a noun which, like any noun, can take an article as well as the plural form.

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