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Dear Sirs,

I am not sure whether the sentences in the bullet point should consider the statement antecedent. To better illustrate my question, please see an example below.

Example:

In support of your contention that........., you have provided the following information:

a. your bank statement showing on 1 January 2020, the $100K was deposited into X bank account.

b. your bank statement showing on 4 January 2020, the $50K was returned to you.

Question 1: Should I worry the verb "provide" in determining the verb type for "showing" ? If so, the verb "show "needs to be changed to gerund - showing

Question 2: Can I consider " showing" here as reduced clause, that is your bank statement is showing?

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Hi, Tony,

"showing" does in effect introduce a reduced relative clause, but you should link it with the content clause that follows:

@Tony C posted:


In support of your contention that........., you have provided the following information:

a. your bank statement showing that on 1 January 2020 the $100K was deposited into X bank account.

b. your bank statement showing that on 4 January 2020 the $50K was returned to you.

Dear Gustavo,

Thank you for correcting the below, much appreciated.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

In support of your contention, you have provided the following:

a. your bank statement showing that on 1 January 2020 the $100K was deposited into X bank account.

b.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Question 1: In the above, "showing"  introduced  a reduced clause, I was wondering if there is a content clause/relative clause, does it mean I can always use/introduce a reduced clause?

Question 2: Is it okay to rephrase to the below? And "show" here is a reporting verb so I can use present tense and followed by any other tenses?

Your bank statement show that on 1 January 2000 the $100K was deposited into X bank account.

@Tony C posted:

a. your bank statement showing that on 1 January 2020 the $100K was deposited into X bank account.

Question 1: In the above, "showing"  introduced  a reduced clause, I was wondering if there is a content clause/relative clause, does it mean I can always use/introduce a reduced clause?

The reduced relative clause (or a full relative) works because it's an item on a list. Notice there is no main verb above because the verb "was deposited" is inside a clause.

If you want the above to stand alone, then you have to use what you proposed below, duly corrected as follows:

@Tony C posted:

Your bank statement shows that on 1 January 2000 the $100K was deposited into X bank account.

Last edited by Gustavo, Co-Moderator

"your bank statement showing ..." is not equivalent to "your bank statement is showing..." The former is a phrase, while the latter is part of a sentence. A sentence needs to stand alone, and "your bank statement showing ..." does not.

Let's see if I can make myself clearer. Suppose you ask your accountant:

- What do you need?

And your accountant answers:

- Your bank statement showing that on 1 January 2020 an amount of $100K was deposited into X bank account.

To be a complete sentence, the phrase above requires a tensed verb:

- I need your bank statement showing that on 1 January 2020 an amount of $100K was deposited into X bank account.

Instead:

- Your bank statement shows that on 1 January 2020 an amount of $100K was deposited into X bank account.

is a complete sentence because there is a main clause containing a tensed verb, which is "shows." I hope this has helped.

Last edited by Gustavo, Co-Moderator

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